Race pre pregnancy BMI assist predicting maternal weight gain as they affect the leptin and adiponectin levels and according to the recent research the leptin levels in mid-pregnancy are good indicators of weight gain during pregnancy.

Lead study author Adam Jara, D.O., Ph.D., a clinical instructor at Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio, said that gaining and losing too much of weight is hazardous for health. Leptin and adiponectin, hormones rescued essentially from fat cells and are known to play roles in appetite regulation, insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, blood pressure and the growth of metabolic syndrome.

During pregnancy lesser levels of adiponectin are related with grave risk of gestational diabetes and higher leptin levels are found in women who develop pre-eclampsia. Jara and his co-authors at Ohio State investigated the effects of race and pre-pregnancy BMI on serum adiponectin, leptin, the leptin-to-adiponectin ratio (LAR) through the course pregnancy and postpartum and their result on weight gain during pregnancy.

The research team assembled 80 pregnant women — 38 African-American and 42 Caucasian women — from the Ohio State University Medical Center Prenatal Clinic. The authors studied adiponectin and leptin levels 3 times during pregnancy — early, middle and late — and again after delivery. One and the other race and pre-pregnancy BMI seemed to strike adiponectin and leptin levels in the course of pregnancy and after birth.

Succeeding supervision for race and pre-pregnancy BMI, serum levels of adiponectin, leptin and the LAR in the course of pregnancy prophesized absolute maternal weight gain Leptin levels in mid-pregnancy were the most auguring of weight acquiring in the course of pregnancy.