The path leading to the Nobel Prize awarded overnight in Sweden by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences was paved 42 years ago in a hotel room. Kip Thorne, a theoretical physicist from Caltech, and Rainer (Rai) Weiss, an experimentalist from MIT, discussed what would have looked to the physicists like a long drawn, indeterminate weird idea: the discernment of ripples in the framework of space time called gravitational waves.
However, the two young men were sincere. Weiss had inscribed a comprehensive technical paper defining a manifesto for an experiment that would become LOGO (the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory).
Thorne had comprehended a lot about prospective origin of gravitational waves and had expanded a deep admiration of just how much their perception would elucidate remarkable astrophysical objects such as black holes and neutron stars.
A prominent alliance was molded that night. It was fortified by Ronald Drever, an ingenious exploratory physicist who bonded with the faculty at Caltech. The three appeared from varied and different cultural space.
Thorne grew up in a Mormon family in the US state of Utah. Weiss was born in Berlin, Germany, and when he was small, his half Jewish family flee the Nazis by first relocating to Prague and then fleeing Czechoslovakia just prior to its invasion. Drever was an inhabitant from Glasgow, in Scotland.
They were integrated by their fervor to hear the universe with gravitational waves. Gravitational waves are discharged from some of the universe’s most calamitous events such as fulminating stars and clashing black holes. Each source discharges gravitational waves diversely. For sources noticeable by LIGO, these waves carry similar frequencies as the sound waves that we hear.